Are electronic signatures legal in Cameroon?
Electronic Signature has been legally recognised in Cameroon since 2010, since passing the OHADA Uniform Act on General Commercial Law and later by the Laws on Cyber Security and Cyber Criminality and the Law on Electronic Communication. Giving businesses the option to use them whilst trading.
Cameroon’s legal model is a tiered one. This means that Qualified Electronic Signature are seen as a legal type of e-signature. This doesn’t mean that a non-QES e-Signature can’t be submitted in court, but it will need additional evidence to support it.
Cameroon is a bijural system with the English Common Law operating in the two regions: North West and South West. The French Civil Law operates in eight regions: Adamaoua, Centre, East, Far North, Littoral, North, West and South.
Cameroon law highlights that a traditional signature isn’t necessarily required for a valid contract – contracts are considered valid if legally able individuals reach an agreement (this can be by agreeing verbally, electronically or by physically signing – Cameroon Civil Code; The Organisation pour l’Harmonisation en Afrique du Droit des Affaires (OHADA) Uniform Act on General Commercial Law). And The Laws on Electronic Commerce and Cyber Security and Cyber Criminality say that contracts can’t be refused for simply being electronic. However, these contracts may have to be supported in court with extra evidence. Electronic signature solutions can be used to provide these electronic documents, under Section 17 of the Law on Cyber Security and Cyber Criminality.
The information in the legality guides are for general information purposes only and are not intended to serve as legal advice. Laws governing electronic signature may change quickly, so Signable cannot guarantee that all the information on this site is current or correct. If you have specific legal questions about any of the information on this site, you should consult with a licensed attorney in your area.
Last updated on: January 2020