Are electronic signatures legal in Cameroon?
Cameroon’s legal model is a tiered one. This means that Qualified Electronic Signature are seen as a legal type of e-signature. This doesn’t mean that a non-QES e-Signature can’t be submitted in court, but it will need additional evidence to support it.
Cameroon is a bijural system with the English Common Law operating in the two regions: North West and South West. The French Civil Law operates in eight regions: Adamaoua, Centre, East, Far North, Littoral, North, West and South.
Cameroon law highlights that a traditional signature isn’t necessarily required for a valid contract – contracts are considered valid if legally able individuals reach an agreement (this can be by agreeing verbally, electronically or by physically signing – Cameroon Civil Code; The Organisation pour l’Harmonisation en Afrique du Droit des Affaires (OHADA) Uniform Act on General Commercial Law). And The Laws on Electronic Commerce and Cyber Security and Cyber Criminality say that contracts can’t be refused for simply being electronic. However, these contracts may have to be supported in court with extra evidence. Electronic signature solutions can be used to provide these electronic documents, under Section 17 of the Law on Cyber Security and Cyber Criminality.