Are electronic signatures legal in Nigeria?

Electronic Signature has been legally recognised in Nigeria through arrangements from different sets of laws and amendments. Giving businesses the option to use them whilst trading.

Legal Model

Nigeria’s legal model is an open one. This means that unlike a tiered model (that see’s Qualified Electronic Signatures as a legitimate form of e-signature), there aren’t any conditions for electronic signature types. And so a QES won’t receive legal status.

Legal Classification

Nigeria’s law consists of courts, offences, and various types of laws. Nigeria has its own constitution which was established on 29th of May 1999. The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the country. There are four distinct legal systems in Nigeria, which include English law, Common law, Customary law, and Sharia (Islamic) Law.

For more detail on what this entails, find more info here.

Full Summary

Nigerian law highlights that a traditional signature isn’t necessarily required for a valid contract – contracts are considered valid if legally able individuals reach an agreement (this can be by agreeing verbally, electronically or by physically signing – Section 4(1) of the Electronic Commerce (Provision of Legal Recognition) Bill 2011). However these contracts may have to be supported in court with extra evidence and certified by local authorities. Electronic signature solutions can be used to provide these electronic documents, under Section 93 of the Nigerian Evidence Act.


The information in the legality guides are for general information purposes only and are not intended to serve as legal advice. Laws governing electronic signature may change quickly, so Signable cannot guarantee that all the information on this site is current or correct. If you have specific legal questions about any of the information on this site, you should consult with a licensed attorney in your area.
Last updated on: January 2020